Biological Sciences

All courses, arranged by program, are listed in the catalog. Courses designated as “active” have been offered in the past three years. Courses designated as “inactive” have not been offered in the past three years and indicate the semester in which the course was last offered. If you cannot locate a specific course, try our advanced search link. Current class schedules, with posted days and times, may be found on the Registrar's Office website or by logging directly into iSiS.

81.111 Principles of Biology I Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 7466
Status Active

Introduces topics such as the chemical and physical basis of life, its evolution, diversity, distribution, and interrelationships of life forms. The central theme of genetic replication, translation, expression, and selection will be emphasized as a unifying principle which determines and integrates structure and function at the cellular, individual population, and community levels of organization. Designed for those students who intend to pursue career options in the biological sciences, biotechnology or related areas such as medicine, biomedical research, radiological sciences or environmental sciences. It is the first-semester course of a two-semester sequence.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Co-Req: 81.117 Experimental Biology I.

81.112 Principles of Biology II Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 7467
Status Active

Serves as a continuation of the 81.111/81.112 sequence for those students who intend to pursue career options in the biological sciences or related professional areas such as medicine, biomedical research or environmental sciences. Molecular energy exchange in organisms (photosynthesis and respiratory metabolism), the common functional needs of support, locomotion, nutrition, internal communication and the maintenance of homeostasis are considered. Control and regulation of organisms at levels beyond the individual are considered through discussions of population and community ecology.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Co-Req: 81.118 Experimental Biology II.

81.115 Introduction To Biology Seminar Credits: 1

Course Details
Min Credits 1
Max Credits 1
Course ID 7470
Status Active

Freshman Seminar in Biology (Honors section available) This course offers a small group seminar format for problem solving and discussion with faculty and staff. It is designed for individual participation in exploring concepts related to material considered in Principles of Biology I and II (81.111 and 81.112). Required of freshman students; optional, with permission of instructor, to others registered in lecture section.

81.116 Freshman Seminar in Biology Credits: 1

Course Details
Min Credits 1
Max Credits 1
Course ID 7471
Status Active

This course is designed to acclimate incoming students to their new University environment. Students will learn about the Biology program, its faculty and staff members, University resources, and other information useful for success.

81.117 Experimental Biology I Credits: 1

Course Details
Min Credits 1
Max Credits 1
Course ID 7472
Status Active

Pre/Co-Requisites: Co-Req: 81.111 Principles Of Biology I.

81.118 Experimental Biology II Credits: 1

Course Details
Min Credits 1
Max Credits 1
Course ID 7473
Status Active

81.122 Biology for Health Sciences Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 38070
Status Active

Develops a basic understanding of biological topics relevant to students in the health sciences. Course will introduce students to biochemistry, cell biology, cellular respiration, cell replication, genetics, inheritance and molecular biology. Introduction to prions, viruses, prokaryotic and eukaryotic biology will also be covered.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Co-req: 81.124 Biology for Health Sciences Lab, and Exercise Physiology Majors Only.

81.124 Biology for Health Sciences Lab Credits: 1

Course Details
Min Credits 1
Max Credits 1
Course ID 38071
Status Active

Develops a basic understanding of biological topics relevant to students in the health sciences. Course will introduce students to biochemistry, cell biology, cellular respiration, cell replication, genetics, inheritance and molecular biology, Introduction to prions, viruses, prokayotic and eukaryotic biology will also be covered.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Co-Req: Biology for Health Sciences.

81.201 General Microbiology Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 7474
Status Active

A study of the general properties of bacteria and viruses (anatomy, physiology, genetics,metabolism, cultivation, and growth); discussions include major microbial infections in man (etiologic agent, antibiotics and chemotherapy) and an examination of the role of the microbes in the environment.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-Reqs: 81.111 Principles of Biology I, 81.112 Principles of Biology II.

81.203 General Microbiology Laboratory Credits: 2

Course Details
Min Credits 2
Max Credits 2
Course ID 7475
Status Active

A series of laboratory exercises covering basic qualitative and quantitative techniques commonly employed in a microbiology laboratory.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Co-Req: 81.201 General Microbiology.

81.205 Endocrinopathies Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 7476
Status Active

81.210 Biology for Engineers Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 37711
Status Active

Develops a basic understanding of the science of biology for engineering students, including and introduction to biochemistry, cell biology, metabolism, genetics, genomics, molecular biology, cell growth, and nutrition. Both eukaryotic and prokaryotic biology will be covered.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Co-req: 81.212 Biology for Engineers Lagoratory.

81.212 Biology for Engineers Laboratory Credits: 1

Course Details
Min Credits 1
Max Credits 1
Course ID 37712
Status Active

This laboratory course will build on 81.210. It will provide an introduction to several basic biological techniques and approaches used in biological engineering laboratories.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Co-req: 81.210 Biology for Engineers.

81.220 Principles of Cell and Molecular Biology Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 37710
Status Active

This course will cove basic topics in cell and molecular biology, including structures of proteins, lipids, carbohydrates and nucleic acids, structure of DNA and it replication and repair, transcription, and cell-cell communication. The molecular biology of cells and the regulation of cellular processes will be emphasized.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-req: 81.111 Principles of Biology I.

81.233 Experimental Methods in Biology Credits: 2

Course Details
Min Credits 2
Max Credits 2
Course ID 37713
Status Active

This is a project-based course designed to introduce students to the methods of general biological laboratory research. Techniques will be introduced in the context of interrelated experiments during a semester-long project. Techniques will include, but are not limited to: making solutions, pipetting, using sterile technique, gel electrophoresis, DNA transformations, minipreps, and other molecular and microscopic methods.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-req: 81.117 Experimental Biology I and 81.118 Experimental Biology II.

81.235 Genetics Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 36858
Status Active

The theories of both classical and molecular genetics are explored with emphasis on the experimental evidence which has laid the foundation for contemporary understanding of genetics, included is the nature of the genetic material, gene action, genetic recombination, gene regulation, gene interaction, the production and inheritance of genetic phenotypes, chromosomal mechanics, and the behavior of genes in populations.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-req: 81.111 Principles of Biology 1, and Co-req: 81.237 Problems in Genetics.

81.237 Problems in Genetics Credits: 1

Course Details
Min Credits 1
Max Credits 1
Course ID 36859
Status Active

Techniques of genetic analysis using molecular, prokaryotic and eukaryotic systems. There is an emphasis on problem solving and statistical methods.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Co-Req: 81.235 Genetics

81.240 Evolution, Ecology and Conservation Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 37718
Status Active

Over 5 million species thrive in amazingly diverse habitats on Earth ranging from the extreme freezing cold of the poles to the lush warmth of the tropics. How did this fantastic diversity arise on our earth? How are these species intimately interconnected with one another, their communities and their ecosystem? How can we save this remarkable biodiversity from extinction? This course will address these key questions by examining the fundamental concepts of evolution, ecology and conservation biology. Students will be expected to attend a discussion section in which they will examine case studies and primary scientific literature.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-req: 81.111 Principles of Biology I and 81.112 Principles of Biology II and Co-req: 81.242 Problems in Evolution, Ecology and Conservation.

81.242 Problems in Evolution, Ecology and Conservation Credits: 1

Course Details
Min Credits 1
Max Credits 1
Course ID 37714
Status Active

A discussion session designed to reinforce material presented in 81.240, Evolution, Ecology and Conservation. An emphasis will be placed on problem solving.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Co-req: 81.240 Evolution, Ecology and Conservation.

81.244 Biodiversity & Conservation Australia's Tropics Credits: 6

Course Details
Min Credits 6
Max Credits 6
Course ID 38121
Status Active

The most diverse ecosystems in the world are Australia's Great Barrier Reef and Daintree Tropical rain forest. To explore the basic principles of biodiversity and conservation biology we will use the case studies of the coral reefs and tropical rainforest of Cairns, Australia. The course will start off at UML, studying three aspects of biodiversity: its origin, the threats, and its conservation. Next we will to go Australia where students will experience the wonders of these ecosystems, and learn first hand about the scientific research on the flora and fauna, and learn about the efforts to conserve these treasures. Students will participate in restoration projects of the tropical rainforest and coral reefs, and hear lectures on conservation from scientific researchers to the Aborigines.

81.252 Physiology Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 7481
Status Active

Presents a comprehensive study of the fundamental mechanisms governing mammalian physiology. The role of cell physiology in determining systemic functions and coordinating biological control systems will be emphasized. Maintenance of homeostasis will be discussed in terms of biochemical, cytological, anatomical, and physical principles.

81.254 Physiology Laboratory Credits: 2

Course Details
Min Credits 2
Max Credits 2
Course ID 7482
Status Active

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-Req or Co-Req: 81.252 Physiology.

81.300 Directed Research Experience II Credits: 2

Course Details
Min Credits 2
Max Credits 2
Course ID 7485
Status Active

81.301 Microbiology Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 36856
Status Active

General properties of bacteria and viruses including anatomy, physiology, genetics, metabolism, cultivation, growth, control and their role in the ecosystems, and industry.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-Reqs: 81.111/112 Principles of Biology I & II, 84.121 Chemistry I; and Co-Req: 81.303 Microbiology Laboratory

81.303 Microbiology Laboratory Credits: 2

Course Details
Min Credits 2
Max Credits 2
Course ID 36855
Status Active

A series of laboratory exercises covering basic qualitative and quantitative techniques commonly employed in a microbiology laboratory including sterile technique, microscopy, enrichment and isolation, and prevention.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Co-Req: 81.301 Microbiology

81.306 Invertebrate Zoology Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 7487
Status Active

A survey of the phyla of invertebrate animals. Discussions include their physiology, development, morphology, behavior, ecology and adaptations. Corequisite: 81.308

Pre/Co-Requisites: Co-Req: 81.308 Invertebrate Zoology Lab.

81.308 Invertebrate Zoology Lab Credits: 1

Course Details
Min Credits 1
Max Credits 1
Course ID 7488
Status Active

A broad spectrum of living and preserved specimens are studied in the laboratory with regard to both structure and function. Corequisite 81.306

Pre/Co-Requisites: Co-Req: 81.306 Invertebrate Zoology.

81.315 Principles of Ecology Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 7491
Status Active

A series of lectures concerned with the interrelationships of organisms with their abiotic environment with emphasis on the New England area. Selected current topics will supplement the text.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-Req: 81.112 Principles of Biology II.

81.317 Principles of Ecology Laboratory Credits: 2

Course Details
Min Credits 2
Max Credits 2
Course ID 7492
Status Active

A series of laboratory exercises to supplement and illustrate lectures of 81.315. Field trips are an integral part of the course involving sampling and analysis of such ecosystem components as water, soil, invertebrate fauna and characteristic flora of various habitats. Directed readings, quizzes, practical exam and oral presentation of a research topic are integral parts of the course.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Co-Req: 81.315 Principles of Ecology.

81.320 Botany Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 7493
Status Active

Serves as an introduction to the study of the plant kingdom dealing with the structure, function, and diversity of plants with an emphasis on seed plants. The physiology, morphology, and taxonomy of plants is emphasized.

81.322 Botany Laboratory Credits: 1

Course Details
Min Credits 1
Max Credits 1
Course ID 7494
Status Active

Emphasizes material covered in 81.320 using field and laboratory exercises.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Co-Req: 81.320 Botany.

81.324 Economic Botany Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 38098
Status Active

Discussions on how humans use plants. Topics will include: Structure and characteristics of woods and their uses in construction of various items, agricultural uses of food plants and spices, poisonous plants, medicinal plants, plants used in religious ritual and plants used as hallucinogens, plants that have altered human history.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-req: 81.111 Principles of Biology I, or 83.101 Life Science I.

81.335 Principles of Genetics Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 7498
Status Active

The theories of both classical and molecular genetics are explored with emphasis on the experimental evidence which has laid the foundation for contemporary understanding of genetics. Included is the nature of the genetic material, gene action, genetic recombination, gene regulation, gene interaction, the production and inheritance of genetic phenotypes, chromosomal mechanics, and the behavior of genes in populations.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-Reqs: 84.221 Organic Chemistry 1A and 84.229 Organic Chem Lab 1A; Co-Req: 81.337 Exper Genetics.

81.337 Experimental Genetics Credits: 1

Course Details
Min Credits 1
Max Credits 1
Course ID 7499
Status Active

Techniques of genetic analysis using molecular, prokaryotic and eukaryotic systems. There is an emphasis on problem solving and statistical methods.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Co-Req: 81.335 Principles of Genetics.

81.342 Comp Vertebrate Anatomy Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 7501
Status Active

This course is designed to provide students a broad understanding of the anatomy of vertebrates with an emphasis on comparison between taxa and their evolutionary significance. Students will acquire knowledge and understanding of anatomical structure and terminology of vertebrates and an understanding of how these structures have evolved from ancestral forms. There will also be some reference to the fields of embryology, histology and paleontology in the course. This course may interest students who might want to go into various animal/human focused fields (e.g. veterinary science, medicine or graduate studies with more organismal focus), and students who simply want a course focused on vertebrates. However, students should note that this course does not focus on human nor veterinary anatomy.This course could also help undergraduates in the General Biology and Ecology Option satisfy free elective requirements.

81.401 Supervised Teaching Biology I Credits: 1

Course Details
Min Credits 1
Max Credits 1
Course ID 7508
Status Active

Through observation, preparation of material and presentation of demonstrations in selected courses offered by the Department of Biological Sciences, the student becomes familiar with the materials and teaching/learning situations in biology.

81.402 Supervised Teaching Biology II Credits: 1

Course Details
Min Credits 1
Max Credits 1
Course ID 7509
Status Active

Through observation, preparation of material and presentation of demonstrations in selected courses offered by the Department of Biological Sciences, the student becomes familiar with the materials and teaching/learning situations in biology.

81.406 Environment Microbiology Laboratory Credits: 1

Course Details
Min Credits 1
Max Credits 1
Course ID 7511
Status Active

Pre/Co-Requisites: Co-Req: 81.404 Enviromental Microbiolgy.

81.409 Photobiology Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 36853
Status Active

Biological process involving light in plants and animals. Topics include mechanisms of light absorption, energy transduction, light reactions in photosynthesis, functions of color in flowering plants, visual systems and structural and pigment coloration in animals, pigmentation in animals affecting camouflage and reproductive strategies. In addition, the genetics involved in responses to light such as photoperiods, cicardian rhythms, and seasonal cycles will be covered.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-Req: 81.419 Biochemistry.

81.411 Senior Research Biology Credits: 4

Course Details
Min Credits 4
Max Credits 4
Course ID 7512
Status Active

An individual, directed one-year research program for senior biology majors selected on the basis of previous academic performance at the end of the junior year. A topic will be chosen after consultation with a faculty member. A report of the research in the form of a thesis is required.

81.412 Senior Research: Biology Credits: 4

Course Details
Min Credits 4
Max Credits 4
Course ID 7513
Status Active

An individual, directed one-year research program for senior biology majors selected on the basis of previous academic performance at the end of the junior year. A topic will be chosen after consultation with a faculty member. A report of the research in the form of a thesis is required.

81.413 Invertebrate Zoology II Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 35512
Status Active

An in depth exploration of the deutorostome phyla with a focus on anatomy, ecology and evolution of the lophophorates, Echinodermata, Chaetognatha, Hemichordata and Chordata. Includes readings from the primary literature.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Co-Req: 81.415 Invertebrate Zoology Lab II; Pre-Req: 81.306 Invertebrate Zoology.

81.415 Invertebrate Zoology Lab II Credits: 1

Course Details
Min Credits 1
Max Credits 1
Course ID 35513
Status Active

The laboratory study of live and preserved specimens of invertebrate animals with a focus on anatomy and functional morphology.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Co-Req; 81.413 Invertebrate Zoology II, Pre-Req: 81.308 Invertebrate Zoology Lab.

81.416 Climate Change: Science, Communication, and Solutions Credits: 4

Course Details
Min Credits 4
Max Credits 4
Course ID 36711
Status Active

Climate change offers one of the greatest challenges yet faced by society and scientists. The scientific consensus is clear that climate change is occurring, its pace is accelerating, its impacts on human society will be largely negative, and it is largely caused by anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions. Yet, despite strong scientific evidence for the enormous challenges that society may face, scientists' attempts to disseminate that evidence beyond their peers have not yet been successful. Indeed in today's media world of blogs, YouTube video clips, and sound-bites, confusion over the scientific reality of climate change frequently dominates the discourse in classrooms and communities. This course will provide students with the tools and knowledge that they need to develop their own well-informed view of climate change. Because climate change is both impacted by humans and will increasingly impact society, this course takes a cross-disciplinary approach, integrating science, policy solutions, and media literacy as they relate to climate change.

81.419 Biochemistry Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 1235
Status Active

Studies the structure and properties of proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids which combined with a discussion of elementary enzymology allows for detailed descriptions of several important degradative and biosynthetic pathways, their integration and regulation. Throughout the course, emphasis is on methods and practical application of fundamental information to the solution of problems of current biomedical interest.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-req: 84.222 Organic Chemistry II and 81.220 Principles of Cell and Molecular Biology or 81.235 Genetics.

81.420 Biochemistry II Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 7514
Status Active

This course will focus on protein dynamics where students will gain facility with thermodynamics of protein folding/misfolding, catalysis, kinetics and binding equilibria as they apply to proteins and other molecules in biological systems. The central theme of this course is that living systems can be understood in terms of the fundamental principles defining the structure and energetics of biological molecules. Attention will be given to quantitative aspects of enzyme kinetics and molecular binding. Examples of how these principles apply to the understanding and treatment of human disease will be discussed.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-Req: 81.419 Biochemistry.

81.421 Biochemistry Techniques Credits: 2

Course Details
Min Credits 2
Max Credits 2
Course ID 7515
Status Active

A series of discussions and "hands on" laboratory exercises emphasizing techniques and use of equipment most commonly employed in biochemicaI-biomedicaI research laboratories. Techniques to be mastered include: cell culture, cell fractionation, enzyme purification, ultracentrifugation, UV-visible spectrophotometry, spectrofluorometry, various types of chromatography (thin layer, gas, gel exclusion, ion exchange), electrophoresis, liquid scintillation spectrometry, and the safe handling and application of radioisotopes to problems in biochemistry. Wherever possible, the principles presented in 81.419 will be used as a basis for experimentation using the above techniques.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-req: 81.233 Experimental Methods in Biology, and 84.230 Organic Chem Lab II. Pre-Req or Co-Req 81.419 Biochemistry

81.423 Biology of Global Change Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 7517
Status Active

An examination of the role of life processes in controlling the cycling of elements on the surface of the Earth and atmosphere from the molecular to the global level. Students will learn how the different physical components of Earth interact, how these interactions are influenced by life, and how they affect Earth's habitability now and in the future.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-Req: 81.112 Principles of Biology II.

81.426 Evolutionary Biology Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 36580
Status Active

Examines the patterns and processes of biological evolution that have led to the diversity of life. Topics covered include the history of evolutionary thought, the evidence for evolution, the generation and maintenance of population-level variation, natural selection, adaptation, sexual selection, speciation, phylogenetics, molecular evolution, the fossil record and extinctions. In addition to lecture and textbook material, students will read and discuss classic and contemporary primary literature from evolutionary biology.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-Reqs: 81.111 Principles of Biology I, 81.112 Principles of Biology II.

81.428 Molecular Biotechnology: Recombinant Protein Production Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 37369
Status Active

Proteins are major targets of pharmaceuticals, and are themselves increasingly used as therapeuticals. However both basic research and the pharmaceutical industry depends on availability of purified proteins that are often difficult to isolate from native sources. In this lecture course, students will learn basic and advanced theoretical background in expression and purification of recombinant proteins. It will cover a variety of expression systems including prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. The course will also address traditional and new methods in recombinant protein purification. Furthermore, students will be introduced to some downstream applications such as crystallization screens and biochemical/biophysical studies.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-req: 81.111 Principles of Biology I.

81.429 Recombinant Protein Production Techniques Credits: 4

Course Details
Min Credits 4
Max Credits 4
Course ID 38228
Status Active

This course introduces students to the principles and practice of recombinant protein expression and purification's. Proteins are major targets of pharmaceuticals, and are themselves increasingly used as therapeuticals. However both basic research and pharmaceutical industry depends on availability of purified proteins that are often difficult to isolate from native sources. This course will provide both didactic and laboratory instruction. It is comprised of a series of lecture and laboratory exercises, with an emphasis on practical techniques and hands-on experience of recombinant protein purification. The course will cover a variety of expression systems, including prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, and address traditional and new methods in protein purification.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-req: 81.233 Experimental Methods in Biology, or 81.421 Biochemistry Techniques.

81.432 Genomics Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 37715
Status Active

This course surveys the field of genomics, examining current technologies and their biological applications. Lectures cover genome organization, genome sequencing and annotation, functional genomics, evolutionary genomics, transcriptomics. proteomics and the role of bioinformatics in organizing and interpreting genomic data.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-req: 81.235 Genetics and Co-req: 81.434 Genomics Laboratory.

81.434 Genomics Laboratory Credits: 1

Course Details
Min Credits 1
Max Credits 1
Course ID 37716
Status Active

A series of molecular laboratory and computer-based bioinformatics exercises providing practical experience in the collection and analysis of genomic-level data.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-req: 81.235 Genetics and Co-req: 81.432 Genomics.

81.437 Biology and Evolution of Arthropoda Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 37441
Status Active

A detailed examination of phylum Arthropoda from developmental, ecological, genetic, morphological and paleontological perspectives. Specific topics include the relationships of arthropods to protoarthropod-like groups including tardigrades and onychophorans, the evolution of segmentation, and current perspectives on relationships within the phylum.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-req: 81.306 Invertebrate Zoology; 81.308 Invertebrate Zoology Lab; 81.426 Evolutionary Biology and Co- req: 81.539 Biology and Evolution of Arthropoda Lab.

81.439 Biology and Evolution of Arthropoda Laboratory Credits: 1

Course Details
Min Credits 1
Max Credits 1
Course ID 37442
Status Active

An exploration of protoarthropod and arthropod diversity using live and preserved specimens of the major taxa including Tardigrada, Onychophora, Chelicerata, Crustacea, Myriapoda and Hexapoda. Students will learn to collect, dissect, identify, handle and care for live specimens.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-req: 81.306 Invertebrate Zoology; 81.308 Invertebrate Zoology Lab, 81.426 Evolutionary Biology and Co-req: 81.537 Biology and Evolution of Arthropoda.

81.440 Advances in Plant Biology Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 32943
Status Active

Examination of a range of topics in plant biology with an emphasis on processes that are unique to plants. The course will focus first on the role of plants in human affairs, and basic plant anatomy, physiology and genetics followed by three or more topics at an advanced level. Typical focus areas may include biosynthesis and regulation of fatty acids, metabolism of aromatic amino acids, studies of pathways leading to the synthesis of useful natural plant products and the genetic manipulation of plants to promote plant improvement.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-Reqs: 81.335 Principles of Genetics, 81.419 Biochemistry I.

81.442 Cell Biology Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 7521
Status Active

Deals with the study of the cell and its cytoplasm incorporating the structure of cell membranes and the organelles they define; specialized organelles dealing with energy capture and transduction, some aspects of histochemical and biochemical studies on cytoplasmic organelles at the electron microscopic level. An introduction into cytogenetics and nuclear cytology; a brief discussion of prokaryotic cells.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-Req: 81.419 Biochemistry.

81.451 Senior Seminar in Biology Credits: 2

Course Details
Min Credits 2
Max Credits 2
Course ID 7523
Status Active

This course instructs students in developing effective writing and speaking skills required for preparation of scientific manuscripts and presentations, and communicating in the scientific world. Students will be required to prepare and present oral presentations and to submit written reports.

81.452 Senior Seminar II Credits: 1

Course Details
Min Credits 1
Max Credits 1
Course ID 7524
Status Active

Seminar discussion of selected topics of current research interest. An oral seminar presentation as well as a written report are required of all biology seniors.

81.457 Advanced Invertebrate Zoology Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 33457
Status Active

Comparative functional morphology, life histories, and phylogeny of a particular taxon (Crustacea, Molusca) of invertebrates.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-Req: 81.306 Inverterate Zoology.

81.459 Advanced Invertebrate Zoology Laboratory Credits: 1

Course Details
Min Credits 1
Max Credits 1
Course ID 33458
Status Active

Classification, identification, anatomy and physiology of selected invertebrates.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Co-Req: 81.557 Advanced Invertebrate Zoology

81.460 Stem Cell Biology Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 33651
Status Active

The molecular and genetic characteristics of stem cells and their developmental potential will be explored. Lectures and readings will cover the development of embryonic, fetal and adult stem cells, and will examine their use in treating human disorders receiving widesread attention, including neurodegenerative diseases, heart disease, spinal cord injury and leukemia. The ethical, legal and social implications of stem cell research will also be discussed. Additional library investigation and a term paper or seminar will be required.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-Req: 81.335 Principles of Genetics or 81.235 Genetics.

81.467 Molecular Biology Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 1234
Status Active

A study of the principles and specialized techniques of cloning, purifying, and manipulating recombinant DNA molecules.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-req: 81.235 Genetics or 81.335 Principles of Genetics and 81.419 Biochemistry.

81.469 Molecular Biology Credits: 4

Course Details
Min Credits 4
Max Credits 4
Course ID 7525
Status Active

Laboratory experiments and independent projects designed to illustrate current techniques and instrumentation used in genetic engineering. Included are restriction mapping, cloning, plasmid purification, blot hybridization, PCR, and DNA sequencing. Students are introduced to computer software utilized for DNA sequence analysis and manipulation.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-req: 81.235 Genetics, 81.419 Biochemistry, and 81.421 Biochemistry Techniques.

81.472 Virology Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 7528
Status Active

A study of bacterial, animal, and plant viruses, including viral structure, modes of replication, biochemistry of the infected cell, genetic properties, and viral oncogenesis. Emphasis is on viruscell interaction at the molecular level.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-req: 81.235 Genetics or 81.335 Principles of Genetics and 81.419 Biochemistry.

81.476 Cell Culture Credits: 4

Course Details
Min Credits 4
Max Credits 4
Course ID 1233
Status Active

A erie of lecture and laboratory exercises that will focu on the in vitro culture and analyis of multiple cell type commonly used in biomedical research laboratories. The lecture component will review methodologies used to establish immortalized cell lines, medium component for specific cell types, and techniques for genetically manipulating and analyzing cell lines. The laboratory exercises will emphasize the mastery of sterile techniques used to grow both established cell line and primary cultures, and molecular tools used for introducing recombinant genes and for analyzing cell growth and differentiation.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-Reqs: 81.442 or 81.460 or 81.467, and 81.421 or 81.521 Biochemistry Techniques.

81.482 Cancer Biology Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 33459
Status Active

A study of the genes and proteins implicated in the cause of human cancer and discussion of the complex behaviors of cancer cells that differ from their normal counterparts in human tissue. Lectures and original research papers will be used.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-Req: 81.220 Principles of Cell & Molecular Biology

81.488 Structural Biology Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 37717
Status Active

Structural basis of the molecular biology of cells and the regulation of cellular processes will be discussed. This course will cover the fundamental knowledge about protein, nucleic acid and membrane structure in relation to central systems in biology. Topics to be discussed include structural enzymology, macromolecular assemblies for replication transcription, translation, membrane proteins, signal transduction, cell motility and transport, cell-cell interactions, the immune system, and virus structure.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-Req: 81.419 Biochemistry.

81.489 Practical Protein Crystallography Credits: 4

Course Details
Min Credits 4
Max Credits 4
Course ID 38015
Status Active

This course provides grounding in the principles and practice of protein x-ray crystallography. The course will be unique in format and provide both didactic and laboratory instruction. It is comprised of a series of lecture and laboratory exercises, with an emphasis on practical techniques and hands-on experience of modern protein crystallography. The course will cover the fundamental knowledge about x-ray physics, instrumentation and geometrical diffraction, protein crystallization, macromolecular data collection and processing, phase estimation and improvement, model building and refinement, and model assessment. Student will also be given a recently published structural paper for writhing a report on the subject.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-req: 81.233 Experimental Methods in Biology, or 81.421 Biochemistry Techniques.

81.490 Human Neurobiology Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 31890
Status Active

A study of cellular and systems neurobiology with a focus on how these relate to human health and disease. Particular attention will be given to illustrating functional neuroanatomy and neurophysiology of the human CNS using investigations into the pathogenic mechanisms of a variety of human neurodegenerative diseases including epilepsy, Alzheimer's Disease, Huntington's Disease, ALS among others. Note: Graduate level enrollees will be responsible for additional reading and writing.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-req or Co-req: 81.419 Biochemistry.

81.491 Senior Project: Biology Credits: 4

Course Details
Min Credits 4
Max Credits 4
Course ID 7531
Status Active

Individual, directed one semester research project taken in the fall and/or spring. Presentation of an acceptable project plan at the time of registration is required. A project report is required.

81.492 Senior Project: Biology Credits: 4

Course Details
Min Credits 4
Max Credits 4
Course ID 7532
Status Active

Individual, directed one semester research project taken in the fall and/or spring. Presentation of an acceptable project plan at the time of registration is required. A project report is required.

81.493 Immunology Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 1231
Status Active

A study of the nature of the immune response with sections on antibody structure, function and production; antigen-antibody reactions; immunogenetics; and immune regulation, protection and injury.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-Req: 81.111 Principles of Biology I, 81.117 Experimental Biology I, 81.112 Principles of Biology II, and 81.118 Experimental Biology II

81.495 Immunology Laboratory Credits: 2

Course Details
Min Credits 2
Max Credits 2
Course ID 1230
Status Active

A series of basic laboratory exercises dealing with the preparation, isolation and characterization of antigens, antibodies and effector cells.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Co-Req: 81.493 Immunology.

81.496 Practicum Experience Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 7533
Status Active

On-campus and/or off-campus experiences are developed by the student in consultation with a member of the student's major department. Specific requirements will vary depending upon department policies and the nature of the program undertaken by the student. The intent of the practicum experience is to provide an occasion for investigation of a scientific area and for applying techniques of problem solving and/or skills which are appropriate to the student's major discipline. The practicum experience may not be substituted for a required course in the major.

81.497 Directed Study: Biological Science Credits: 1

Course Details
Min Credits 1
Max Credits 1
Course ID 7534
Status Active

81.498 Directed Study: Biology Credits: 2

Course Details
Min Credits 2
Max Credits 2
Course ID 33123
Status Active

81.499 Directed Study: Biology Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 7535
Status Active

82.4ACE Cooperative Education Experience Credits: 0

Course Details
Min Credits 0
Max Credits 0
Course ID 38647
Status Active

This zero credit course is specifically designated for College of Science students who have successfully completed the Professional Development Seminar, are participating in the Professional Co-op program, and have secured a third, full-time co-op employment experience. The co-op is designed to provide students the opportunity to develop and enhance their hands on, technical and professional skills within an industry related to their academic program of study. During the co-op employment experience, students will, in conjunction with their employer, develop and submit written learning goals, participate in a performance evaluation and facilitate an on-site visit by Co-op Coordinator.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-Req: 82.210 Professional Developement Seminar and,82.3CE Cooperative Education Experience I, and 82.4CE Cooperative Education Experience II

82.3CE Cooperative Education Work Experience l Credits: 0

Course Details
Min Credits 0
Max Credits 0
Course ID 37663
Status Active

This zero credit course is specifically designated for undergraduate students in the College of Sciences who have successfully completed the Professional Development Seminar, are participating in the Professional Co-op program and have secured their first, full-time co-op employment. The co-op is designed to provide students the opportunity to develop and enhance their hands on, technical and professional skills within an industry related to their academic program of study. During the co-op employment experience, students will, in conjunction with their employer, develop and submit written learning goals, participate in a performance evaluation and facilitate an on-site visit by Co-op Coordinator.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-req: 82.210 Professional Development Seminar; Must be approved by Faculty Chairperson and designated Co-op Coordinator to participate in Professional Co-op Program.

82.4CE Cooperative Education Work Experience ll Credits: 0

Course Details
Min Credits 0
Max Credits 0
Course ID 37802
Status Active

This zero credit course is specifically designed for undergraduate students form participating majors in the College of Sciences, who are participating in the voluntary co-op experience is designed to provide students the opportunity to develop and enhance their technical and professional skills within an industry related to their academic program of study. During the co-op employment experience, students will, in conjunction with their employer, develop and submit written learning goals, participate in a performance evaluation and facilitate and on-site visit by their Co-op Coordinator.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-req: 82.3CE Cooperative Education Work Experience l or permission of Instructor.

82.210 Professional Development Seminar Credits: 1

Course Details
Min Credits 1
Max Credits 1
Course ID 36959
Status Active

The Professional Development Seminar is designed to provide students with the necessary structure, resources, and support to successfully secure and engage in their first cooperative education experience. Through a variety of teaching methodologies and assignments, students will participate in a sequence of learning activities including self-assessment, industry research, and the development of co-op learning objectives. Students will prepare to engage in the job search process through resume writing, strategic interviewing, professional networking and through learning professional behavior and presentation skills. The goal of the course is to assist each student in developing a sound plan of action to successfully participate in the cooperative education experience.

82.310 Co-op Assessment 1 Credits: 1

Course Details
Min Credits 1
Max Credits 1
Course ID 36960
Status Active

The primary goal of this seminar is to assist students in the overall assessment of their overall cooperative education experience. Through facilitated small group discussion, individual consultation and hands on practice, students will have an opportunity to identify and articulate their technical and professional skills, and explore how these skills and their co-op employment might be translated and leveraged into future work environments and their academic program at UML.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-Req: 82.210 Professional Development Seminar; student should have completed 1 co-op work experience.

82.354 Wildlife Management Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 7608
Status Active

Not suitable for credit towards any degree in the Division of Sciences.

82.410 Co-op Assessment 2 Credits: 1

Course Details
Min Credits 1
Max Credits 1
Course ID 36961
Status Active

This seminar is designed to support and assist students in the continued assessment of their cooperative education experience. Through a deepening of their work in Co-op Assessment 1, students will review their overall performance in the cooperative education program, while continuing to demonstrate their technical and professional skills through written work and public presentations to multiple audiences. It is expected that students will clearly define their future academic and career goals, enhance their professional networks, and develop a future plan to support their engineering aspirations.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-req: 82.210 Professional Development Seminar and 82.310 Co-op Assessment l, and 82.3CE or 82.4CE Cooperative Education.

83.100 Introduction to Biology Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 7612
Status Active

Presents environmental and organismal structural interrelationships and relates these to the chemical evolutionary basis of life. Not suitable for credit towards any degree in the Division of Sciences.

83.101 Life Science I Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 7613
Status Active

Presents environmental and organismal structural interrelationships and relates these to the chemical evolutionary basis of life. Suitable as a Natural Science Elective for a degree in the Division of Sciences.

83.102 Life Science II Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 7614
Status Active

Emphasis is on systems structure and function. The cellular organization of plants and animals leads into physiological processes of higher organisms with great emphasis on humans. Among topics considered are nutrition and digestion, cellular metabolism, circulation, respiration, excretion, nervous and skeletal-muscular systems. Also considered are the chemical interactions of these systems with immunity, hormonal and reproductive processes. Suitable as a Natural Science Elective for a degree in the Division of Sciences.

83.103 Life Science I Laboratory Credits: 1

Course Details
Min Credits 1
Max Credits 1
Course ID 7615
Status Active

Concerned with experimentation and interpretation of some of the concepts of Life Science I. Suitable as a Natural Science Elective for a degree in the Division of Sciences.

83.104 Life Science II Laboratory Credits: 1

Course Details
Min Credits 1
Max Credits 1
Course ID 7616
Status Active

Involved with experimentation and interpretation of some of the concepts of Life Science II. Suitable as a Natural Science Elective for a degree in the Division of Sciences.

83.105 Introduction to Biology Lab Credits: 1

Course Details
Min Credits 1
Max Credits 1
Course ID 7617
Status Active

Introduction to Biology Laboratory is a co-requisite course forthe Introduction to Biology online lecture course - 83.100. The two courses together fulfill a GenEd Science requirement. The lab course can be taken concurrently with the lecture course or subsequent to it. Weekly labs correspond directly with the chapter assignments provided by the 83.100 instructors.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-Req or Co-Req: 83.100 Intro to Biology; not for Biology majors.

83.110 Microbes and Society: Good, Bad and Ugly Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 35780
Status Active

Examines historical aspects of microbial interactions with human society, including the use of microbes in food production, agriculture, biotechnology, industry and environmental preservation; explores bioterrorism, the problem of antibiotic resistance and surveys some historical and contemporary microbial diseases.

83.123 Nutrition and Disease Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 7620
Status Active

Serves as an interdisciplinary survey course for students not majoring in biology, which deals with human nutrition as it relates to various chronic disease states. Methods of detection and treatment of the disorders are considered as well as general concepts of health promotion/disease prevention based on the Dietary Guidelines for Americans. Specific topics covered include the role of nutrition in: heart disease, diabetes, cancer, obesity, alcoholism, and eating disorders. Not suitable for credits toward any degree in the Division of Sciences.

83.125 Plants and Human Society Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 7621
Status Active

This course is designed primarily to fulfill the science elective requirement for the non-science major. Its purpose is to provide the undergraduate student who is not majoring in the biological sciences with an introduction to the study of plants and their importance in our everyday world. The importance of plants in agriculture, medicine and industry will be emphasized. Not suitable for credit towards any degree in the Division of Sciences.

83.127 Plants & Human Society Lab Credits: 1

Course Details
Min Credits 1
Max Credits 1
Course ID 30382
Status Active

Not suitable for credit towards any degree in the Division of Sciences.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-Req or Co-Req: 83.125 Plants & Human Society.

83.214 Human Ecology Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 7626
Status Active

Designed to reveal and discuss the increasing problems of overpopulation in regard to environmental deterioration, living space, limits of natural resources and the adverse effects of human alteration on destruction of the natural ecosystem. The implications of current literature and news items will be emphasized. Not suitable for credit towards any degree in the Division of Sciences.

83.327 Histology Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 7631
Status Active

Not suitable for credit towards any degree in the Division of Sciences.