Biological Sciences

All courses, arranged by program, are listed in the catalog. Courses designated as “active” have been offered in the past three years. Courses designated as “inactive” have not been offered in the past three years and indicate the semester in which the course was last offered. If you cannot locate a specific course, try our advanced search link. Current class schedules, with posted days and times, may be found on the Registrar's Office website or by logging directly into iSiS.

81.500 Professional Experience Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 7536
Status Active

3 Credits will be given to individuals who present evidence of having at least one full year of current experience in an academic, hospital, or industrial laboratory setting, or in secondary school science teaching

81.506 Environmental Microbiology Laboratory Credits: 1

Course Details
Min Credits 1
Max Credits 1
Course ID 7542
Status Active

81.508 Cell Biology for Teachers Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 33596
Status Active

This online course will examine the structure and function of cells and the regulation of cellular processes characteristice of living organisms. Students will explore the complexity of the eukaryotic cell and gain an understanding of the mechanisms of cellular control and regulation. Course activities will make connections to state frameworks and national standards, and lead to the development of grade-appropriate curriculum materials for use in the elementary and middle school classroom. Class activities will include discussions, quizzes, lesson plans, web reviews, current events, and a final project.

81.509 Photobiology Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 36854
Status Active

Biological process involving light in plants and animals. Topics include mechanisms of light absorption, energy transduction, light reactions in photosynthesis, functions of color in flowering plants, visual systems and structural and pigment coloration in animals, pigmentation in animals affecting camouflage and reproductive strategies. In addition, the genetics involved in responses to light such as photoperiods, cicardian rhythms, and seasonal cycles will be covered.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-Req: 81.419 or 519 Biochemistry.

81.513 Invertebrate Zoology II Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 36646
Status Active

An in depth exploration of the deutorostome phyla with a focus on anatomy, ecology and evolution of the lophophorates, Echinodermata, Chaetognatha, Hemichordata and Chordata. Includes readings from the primary literature.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Co-Req: 81.515 Invertebrate Zoology Lab II

81.515 Invertebrate Zoology Lab II Credits: 1

Course Details
Min Credits 1
Max Credits 1
Course ID 36647
Status Active

The laboratory study of live and preserved specimens of invertebrate animals with a focus on anatomy and functional morphology.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Co-Req: 81.513 Invertebrate Zoology II

81.516 Climate Change: Science, Communication, and Solutions Credits: 4

Course Details
Min Credits 4
Max Credits 4
Course ID 36712
Status Active

Climate change offers one of the greatest challenges yet faced by society and scientists. The scientific consensus is clear that climate change is occurring, its pace is accelerating, its impacts on human society will be largely negative, and it is largely caused by anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions. Yet, despite strong scientific evidence for the enormous challenges that society may face, scientists' attempts to disseminate that evidence beyond their peers have not yet been successful. Indeed in today's media world of blogs, YouTube video clips, and sound-bites, confusion over the scientific reality of climate change frequently dominates the discourse in classrooms and communities. This course will provide students with the tools and knowledge that they need to develop their own well-informed view of climate change. Because climate change is both impacted by humans and will increasingly impact society, this course takes a cross-disciplinary approach, integrating science, policy solutions, and media literacy as they relate to climate change.

81.517 Vertebrate Animals in Biological Research Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 39059
Status Active

Vertebrate Animals in Biological Research: History, Protocols, Regulations and Techniques is a lecture, discussion, and techniques based course to cover the principles of vertebrate animal research in biology. This course covers topics ranging from the history of animal research, ethics, regulations, institutional compliance, experimental design, research techniques, disease models, and animal welfare during research. The course will involve literature review and discussions regarding all topics being covered as well as the creation of an IACUC protocol. The protocol will then be reviewed in a mock IACUC meeting. There will also be hands on portions involving research techniques using training analogues and familiarization with animal research tools.

81.519 Biochemistry I Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 7547
Status Active

Primarily for M.S. students in biological sciences. Lecture and text assignments on the subjects of protein, carbohydrate, lipid, enzyme and membrane biochemistry will be supplemented with research journal readings.

81.520 Biochemistry II Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 7548
Status Active

This course will focus on protein dynamics where students will gain facility with thermodynamics of protein folding/misfolding, catalysis, kinetics and binding equilibria as they apply to proteins and other molecules in biological systems. The central theme of this course is that living systems can be understood in terms of the fundamental principles defining the structure and energetics of biological molecules. Attention will be given to quantitative aspects of enzyme kinetics and molecular binding. Examples of how these principles apply to the understanding and treatment of human disease will be discussed.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-req: 81.519 Biochemistry I or 81.419 Biochemistry

81.521 Biochemistry Techniques Credits: 2

Course Details
Min Credits 2
Max Credits 2
Course ID 7549
Status Active

Biochemistry Required of M.S. students in them Biotechnology Option. Emphasis on common techniques and instrumentation employed in modern research laboratories.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre or Co-req: 81.419 Biochemistry, or 81.519 Biochemistry I.

81.523 Biology of Global Change Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 7551
Status Active

81.526 Evolutionary Biology Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 36581
Status Active

Lectures deal with the patterns and processes of biological evolution. Covers the history of evolutionary thought, the evidence for evolution, the generation and maintenance of population-level variation, natural selection, adaptation, sexual selection, speciation, phylogenetics, molecular evolution, the fossil record and extinctions. In addition to lecture and textbook material, the course surveys classic and contemporary primary literature from evolutionary biology. A written paper and/or seminar presentation will be required.

81.528 Molecular Biotechnology: Recombinant Protein Production Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 37368
Status Active

Proteins are major targets of Pharmaceuticals, and are themselves increasingly used as therapeuticals. However both basic research and the pharmaceutical industry depends on availability of purified proteins that are often difficult to isolate from native sources. In this lecture course, students will learn basic and advanced theoretical background in expression and purification of recombinant proteins. It will cover a variety of expression systems, including prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. The course will also address traditional and new methods in recombinant protein purification. Furthermore, students will be introduced to some downstream applications such as crystallization screens and biochemical/biophysical studies. Student will choose a term project for oral and written presentation.

81.529 Recombinant Protein Production Techniques Credits: 4

Course Details
Min Credits 4
Max Credits 4
Course ID 38228
Status Active

This course introduces students to the principles and practice of recombinant protein expression and purification's. Proteins are major targets of pharmaceuticals, and are themselves increasingly used as therapeuticals. However both basic research and pharmaceutical industry depends on availability of purified proteins that are often difficult to isolate from native sources. This course will provide both didactic and laboratory instruction. It is comprised of a series of lecture and laboratory exercises, with an emphasis on practical techniques and hands-on experience of recombinant protein purification. The course will cover a variety of expression systems, including prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, and address traditional and new methods in protein purification.

81.532 Genomics Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 37681
Status Active

This course surveys the field of genomics, examining current technologies and their biological applications. Lectures cover genome organization, genome sequencing and annotation, functional genomics, evolutionary genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics and the role of bioinformatics in organizing and interpreting genomic data. Students will be expected to submit written papers and to make oral presentations.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Co-req: 81.534 Genomics Laboratory.

81.534 Genomics Laboratory Credits: 1

Course Details
Min Credits 1
Max Credits 1
Course ID 37680
Status Active

A series of molecular laboratory and computer-based bioinformatics exercises providing practical experience in the collection and analysis of genomic-level data.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Co-req: 81.532 Genomics.

81.537 Biology and Evolution of Arthropoda Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 37356
Status Active

A detailed examination of phylum Arthropoda from developmental, ecological, genetic, morphological and paleontological perspectives. Specific topics include arthropod origins and relationships to proto-arthropods, the evolution of segmentation, and current perspectives on relationships within the phylum.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-req: 81.306 Invertebrate Zoology; 81.308 Invertebrate Zoology Lab; 81.426 Evolutionary Biology and Co- req: 81.539 Biology and Evolution of Arthropoda Lab.

81.539 Biology and Evolution of Arthropoda Laboratory Credits: 1

Course Details
Min Credits 1
Max Credits 1
Course ID 37355
Status Active

An exploration of protoarthropod and arthropod diversity using live and preserved specimens of the major taxa including Tardigrada, Onychophora, Chelicerata, Crustacea, Myriapoda and Hexapoda. Students will learn to collect, dissect, identify, handle and care for live specimens.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-req: 81.306 Invertebrate Zoology; 81.308 Invertebrate Zoology Lab, 81.426 Evolutionary Biology and Co-req: 81.537 Biology and Evolution of Arthropoda.

81.540 Advances in Plant Biology Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 32944
Status Active

Topics covered are siilar to those considered in 81.440. However, students are required to complete a more in-depth review of a current research topic in plant biology and will conduct additional reading and writing assignments.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-Req: 81.419 Biochemistry or 81.519 Biochemistry I, and 81.335 Principles of Genetics.

81.541 Topics in Cell Biology Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 7555
Status Active

Structure and function of the cell: a) cellular membranes, b) transport mechanisms, c) motility, d) excitable cells, and e) energy transduction mechanisms. May be repeated for credit when content varies.

81.542 Cell Biology Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 7556
Status Active

Ultrastructure and biochemistry of eukaryotic cells; cell membranes and organelles; energy capture and transduction; histochemical and biochemical studies of organelles at the optical and electron microscopic level; cytogenetics; brief discussion of prokaryotic cells. A substantial library investigation is required.

81.545 Isolation and Purification Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 1236
Status Active

Efficient isolation and purification of biological products, especially proteins, from complex natural mixtures.

81.547 Evolution in Context for Teachers Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 30381
Status Active

This course empowers life science teachers of all levels with the skills and knowledge to more effectively foster student understanding of evolution by natural selection. By exploring evolution in multiple contexts, the Darwinian framework for how life evolved (and continues to evolve) are presented in an interactive and engaging manner. Teachers learn to use virtual resources to enhance their students learning while digging deep into some of the most profound and interesting science conducted in the last 100 years. Evolution in context makes the science of evolution come alive in a real and relevant manner. From the historical and scientific to the environmental and political, Teachers will learn about evolution in ways they never imagined.

81.552 Quantitative Physiology Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 7561
Status Active

81.557 Advanced Invertebrate Zoology Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 36648
Status Active

Comparative functional morphology, life histories, and phylogeny of a particular taxon (Crustacea, Molusca) of invertebrates.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Co-Req: 81.559 Adv Invertebrate Zoology Lab

81.559 Advanced Invertebrate Zoology Laboratory Credits: 1

Course Details
Min Credits 1
Max Credits 1
Course ID 36650
Status Active

Classification, identification, anatomy and physiology of selected invertebrates.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Co-Req: 81.557 Advanced Invertebrate Zoology.

81.560 Stem Cell Biology Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 36651
Status Active

The molecular and genetic characteristics of stem cells and their developmental potential will be explored. Lectures and readings will cover the development of embryonic, fetal and adult stem cells, and will examine their use in treating human disorders receiving widesread attention, including neurodegenerative diseases, heart disease, spinal cord injury and leukemia. The ethical, legal and social implications of stem cell research will also be discussed. Additional library investigation and a term paper or seminar will be required.

81.561 Electron Microscopy Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 7564
Status Active

81.567 Molecular Biology Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 36652
Status Active

A study of the principles and specialized techniques of cloning, purifying, and manipulating recombinant DNA molecules.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-Req: 81.419 or 519 Biochemistry.

81.569 Molecular Biology Credits: 4

Course Details
Min Credits 4
Max Credits 4
Course ID 7567
Status Active

Laboratory experiments and independent projects designed to illustrate current techniques and instrumentation used in genetic engineering. Included are restriction mapping, cloning, plasmid purification, blot hybridization, and DNA sequencing. Students are introduced to computer software utilized for DNA sequence analysis and manipulation.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-req: 81.519 Biochemistry I or 81.419 Biochemistry, and 81.521 Biochemistry Techniques or 81.421 Biochemistry Techniques.

81.572 Virology Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 7568
Status Active

A study of bacterial, animal, and plant viruses, including viral structure, modes of replication, biochemistry of the infected cell, genetic properties, and viral oncogenesis. Emphasis is on viruscell interaction at the molecular level.

81.576 Cell Culture Credits: 4

Course Details
Min Credits 4
Max Credits 4
Course ID 36653
Status Active

A erie of lecture and laboratory exercises that will focu on the in vitro culture and analyis of multiple cell type commonly used in biomedical research laboratories. The lecture component will review methodologies used to establish immortalized cell lines, medium component for specific cell types, and techniques for genetically manipulating and analyzing cell lines. The laboratory exercises will emphasize the mastery of sterile techniques used to grow both established cell line and primary cultures, and molecular tools used for introducing recombinant genes and for analyzing cell growth and differentiation.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-Reqs: 81.542 or 81.560 or 81.567, and 81.421 aor 81.521 Biochemistry Techniques.

81.580 Developmental Biology Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 7571
Status Active

An in depth discussion of contemporary topics related to reproduction and embryogenesis. Lecture material is supplemented with reading assignments in a recently published textbook and current literature taken from research journals. Emphasis is on the dynamic nature of the interactions between developing cells as well as the events that occur during fertilization, implantation and the development of the mammalian embryo which lead to birth. Students examine how studies with nonmammalian model systems such as Drosophila and Xenopus have enhanced our knowledge of mammalian development. Among the topics discussed are the role of adhesion molecules, HOX genes, apoptosis, hypornethylation of genes, axis formation and hormonal control of differentiation. Class participation is expected. Critical scientific reading and thinking is encouraged by having students present to the class published original research papers on topics of current interest in the field of developmental biology.

81.582 Cancer Biology Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 36654
Status Active

A study of the genes and proteins implicated in the cause of human cancer and discussion of the complex behaviors of cancer cells that differ from their normal counterparts in human tissue. Lectures and original research papers will be used.

81.588 Structural Biology Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 37679
Status Active

Structural basis of the molecular biology of cells and the regulation of cellular processes will be discussed. This course will cover the fundamental knowledge about protein, nucleic acid and membrane structure in relation to central systems in biology. Topics to be discussed include structural enzymology, macromolecular assemblies for replication, transcription, translation, membrane proteins, signal transduction, cell motility and transport, cell-cell interactions, the immune system, and virus structure. Students will choose a recently published primary research article for an oral presentation, and will lead a class discussion on that topic.

81.589 Practical Protein Crystallography Credits: 4

Course Details
Min Credits 4
Max Credits 4
Course ID 38015
Status Active

This course provides grounding in the principles and practice of protein x-ray crystallography. The course will be unique in format and provide both didactic and laboratory instruction. It is comprised of a series of lecture and laboratory exercises, with an emphasis on practical techniques and hands-on experience of modern protein crystallography. The course will cover the fundamental knowledge about x-ray physics, instrumentation and geometrical diffraction, protein crystallization, macromolecular data collection and processing, phase estimation and improvement, model building and refinement, and model assessment. Student will also be given a recently published structural paper for writhing a report on the subject.

Pre/Co-Requisites: Pre-Req: 81.521 Biochemistry Techniques

81.590 Human Neurobiology Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 31890
Status Active

A study of cellular and systems neurobiology with a focus on how these relate to human health and disease. Particular attention will be given to illustrating functional neuroanatomy and neurophysiology of the human CNS using investigations into the pathogenic mechanisms of a variety of human neurodegenerative diseases including epilepsy, Alzheimer's Disease, Huntington's Disease, ALS among others. Note: Graduate level enrollees will be responsible for additional reading and writing.

81.593 Immunology Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 1231
Status Active

A study of the nature of the immune response with sections on antibody structure, function and production; antigen-antibody reactions; immunogenetics; and immune regulation, protection and injury.

81.595 Immunology Laboratory Credits: 2

Course Details
Min Credits 2
Max Credits 2
Course ID 1230
Status Active

A series of basic laboratory exercises dealing with the preparation, isolation and characterization of antigens, antibodies and effector cells.

81.601 Graduate Seminar Biology Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 7573
Status Active

Assists students in developing effective writing and speaking skills required for preparation of research papers, grants and professional presentations. Disclosure and conflict of interest, publishing ethics, publishing censorship/fraud, and electronic collaborations are also reviewed through outside readings.

81.603 Graduate Colloquium Biology Credits: 1

Course Details
Min Credits 1
Max Credits 1
Course ID 35237
Status Active

Presentations of current topics by visiting scientists and staff. Required of all graduate students.

81.604 Professional Communication in Science and Technology Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 35820
Status Active

The course instructs students in developing effective writing and speaking skills required for preparation of publishable scientific manuscripts and presentations. The importance of clear, concise writing style and delivery of presentations to both research, scientists and non-scientists is emphasized. Guest speakers discuss commercialization of technology, intellectual property, and electronic literature searches/citation. Experimental design, statistical analyses, research grant preparation, and poster presentations are also reviewed. Outside readings are used to critically evaluate contemporary issues related to disclosure, conflict of interet, publishing ethics, biosecurity, and electronic science collaborations/team research.

81.666 Selected Topics in Molecular and Cellular Biology Credits: 3

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 3
Course ID 37198
Status Active

Topics will focus on the central dogma of molecular Biology (DNA to RNA to protein) and how they relate to the structure and function of the cell. Course material will be taken directly from the current, primary literature with emphasis on student presentations and discussion. Multidisciplinary groups will select topics of interest to present to the class, and topics will vary by semester depending on student interests. Student groups will be expected to organize presentations into background and discussion sections and will lead class discussions.

81.707 Internship Biology Credits: 1

Course Details
Min Credits 1
Max Credits 1
Course ID 35831
Status Active

81.708 Graduate Course Review Credits: 1

Course Details
Min Credits 1
Max Credits 1
Course ID 35575
Status Active

Internship or co-op.

81.721 Special Problems In Biology Credits: 1-3

Course Details
Min Credits 1
Max Credits 3
Course ID 7584
Status Active

81.731 M.S. Project in Biology Credits: 1-9

Course Details
Min Credits 1
Max Credits 9
Course ID 7587
Status Active

81.743 Master's Thesis - Biology Credits: 1-9

Course Details
Min Credits 1
Max Credits 9
Course ID 7592
Status Active

81.753 PhD Dissertation Biochemistry Credits: 3-9

Course Details
Min Credits 3
Max Credits 9
Course ID 7597
Status Active

81.769 Continued Graduate Research Credits: 9

Course Details
Min Credits 9
Max Credits 9
Course ID 7602
Status Active